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DIPOL-tag (VASP.3.2 only)

DIPOL = [ real array ]

Default -

For VASP.4.X behavior please refer to section 6.64. It is possible to calculate the total dipole-moment in the cell, using the option

$\displaystyle {\tt DIPOL} =$   center of cell (in direct coordinates)

Mind: the calculation of the dipole requires a definition of the center of the cell, and results might differ for different positions. You should use this option only for surfaces and isolated molecules. In this case use the center of mass for the position (for surface only the component normal to the surface is meaningful).

The main problem is that the definition of the dipole 'destroys' the translational symmetry, i.e. the dipole is defined as

$\displaystyle \int ({\bf r}-{\bf R}_{\rm center}) \rho_{\rm ions+valence}{\bf r} d^3 {\bf r}.$ (6.5)

Now this makes only sense if $ \rho_{\rm ions+valence}$ drops to zero at some distance from $ R_{\rm center}$. If this is not the case, the values are extremely sensible with respect to changes in $ R_{\rm center}$.

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