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Installation of VASP

To install VASP, basic UNIX knowledge is required. The user should be acquainted with the tar, gzip, and ideally with the make command of the UNIX environment.

VASP requires that the BLAS package is installed on the computer. This package can be retrieved from many public domain servers, for instance, but if possible one should use an optimised BLAS package from the machine supplier (see section. 3.7).

* 1. Download Retrieve the source code and the pseudopotential databases from the download portal located at:
To install VASP, create a directory for VASP to reside in. We recommend to use the directory
Retrieve the files from the Download Area of your account on the download portal: The source code of vasp.X and vasp.X.lib are stored under src and lib of the respective VASP-releases VASP46 (and VASP5)
The Pseudopotentials are stored under Potentials in the sub-folders LDA, PBE and PW91: The files potUSPP_XC_type.tar.gz contain ultrasoft pseudopotentials for the respective exchange-correlation type XC_type LDA, PW91 and PBE, the files potpaw_XC_type.tar.gz contain the projector-augmented-wave (PAW) pseudopotentials of XC_type. These files should be untared in separated directories (one for each XC_type of the USPP and the PAW pseudopotentials), e.g. using the commands
 cd ~/VASP
 mkdir potUSPP_LDA
 mkdir potUSPP_PW91
 mkdir potPAW_LDA
 mkdir potPAW.52_LDA
 mkdir potPAW_PBE
 mkdir potPAW.52_PBE
 mkdir potPAW_PW91
copy the .tar.gz file of the pseudopotentials in the corresponding directory and unfold the .tar.gz file by
 tar -zxvf potXX.tar.gz
About 80 directories, all containing a file POTCAR.Z, are generated. The elements for which the potential file was generated can be recognised by the name of the directory (e.g. Al, Si, Fe, etc). For more detail, we refer to section 10.

* 2. Installation of VASP: After the files vasp.X.tar.gz and vasp.X.lib.tar.gz have been retrieved from the download portal, the installation proceeds along the following lines:
First, uncompress the *.gz files using gunzip
Then untar the vasp.*.tar files using e.g.:
 tar -xvf vasp.X.tar
 tar -xvf vasp.X.lib.tar
Two directories are created for each code release X:
Go to the vasp.X.lib directory, and copy the appropriate makefile.machine to Makefile:
 cd vasp.4.lib
 cp makefile.machine Makefile
You might choose makefile.machine from the list of provided makefiles:
makefile.cray         makefile.dec           makefile.hp             makefile.linux_abs
makefile.linux_alpha  makefile.linux_ifc_P4  makefile.linux_ifc_ath  makefile.linux_pg          makefile.rs6000        makefile.sgi            makefile.sp2
makefile.sun          makefile.t3d           makefile.t3e            makefile.vpp

cray            CRAY C90, J90, T90 (++)
dec             DEC ALPHA, True 64 Unix (++)
hp              HP PA (0)
linux_abs       Linux, Absoft compiler (0)
linux_alpha     Linux, Alpha processors fort compiler (++)
linux_ifc_P4    Linux, Intel fortran compiler (ifc), P4 optimisation (++)
linux_ifc_P4    Linux, Intel fortran compiler (ifc), Athlon optimisation (++)
linux_pg        Linux, Portland group compiler (++)
nec             NEC vector computer (+)
rs6000          IBM AIX, xlf90 compiler (++)
sgi             SGI, Origin 200/ 2000/ 3000, Power Challenge, O2 etc. (+)
sp2             IBM SP2, possibly also usefull for RS6000 (++)
sun             SUN, Ultrasparc (-)
t3d             Cray/SGI T3D (+)
t3e             Cray/SGI T3E (+)
vpp             fujitsu VPP, VPX (0)
The value in brackets indicates whether is likely that VASP will compile and execute without problems: ++ no problems; + usually no problems; 0 presently unknown; - unlikely. Type
The compilation should finish without errors, although warnings are possible. Go to the vasp.X.x directory. Copy the appropriated makefile.machine to Makefile. Now check the first 10-20 lines in the Makefile for additional hints. It is absolutely required to follow these guidelines, since the executable might not work properly otherwise. If the Makefile suggests that certain routines must be compiled with a lower optimisation, you can usually do this by inserting lines at the end of the makefile. For instance
radial.o : radial.F
        $(F77) $(FFLAGS) -O1 $(INCS) -c $*$(SUFFIX)
Finally, type
again. It should be possible to finish again without errors (although numerous warnings are possible). If problems are encountered during the compilation, please make first shure that you have followed exactly the guidelines in the Makefile. If you have done so, generate a bug report by typing the following commands (bash or ksh):
 make clean
 make >bugreport 2>&1
If you use the csh or tcsh, type:
 make clean
 make >& bugreport
Send, us the files Makefile, bugreport, the exact operating system version, and the exact compiler version (see Sec. 3.6). Presently, we can solve problems only for the following platforms, since we do not have access to other operating systems:
makefile.dec          makefile.linux_alpha   makefile.linux_ifc_P4   makefile.linux_ifc_ath  
makefile.linux_pg     makefile.rs6000        makefile.sp2
Bug reports for the sun platform are rather useless. We know that vasp fails to work reliably on Sun machines, but this is related to an utterly bad Fortran 90 compiler. Any suggestions how to solve this problem are appriciated.

Mind: The VASP makefiles assume that optimised BLAS packages are installed on the machine. The following BLAS libraries are linked in, if the standard makefiles are used:

  libessl.a    IBM RS6000, SP2, SP3 and SP4
  libcxml.a    True 64 Unix, and Alpha Linux
  libblas.a    SGI
  libveclib.a  HP
  libsci.a     CRAY C90
  libmkl_p4    Intel P4, mkl performance library
Usually these packages are speficied in the line starting with
or in the line starting with
If you do not have access to these optimized BLAS libraries, you can download the ATLAS based BLAS from In this case (and for most linux makefiles), the BLAS line in the Makefile must be costumized manually. Additional BLAS related hints are discussed in section 3.7 and in some of the makefiles.

Next step: Create a work directory, copy the bench*.tar.gz files to this directory and untar the benchmark.tar file.

 gunzip <benchmark.tar.gz | tar -xvf -
Then type
One should get the following results prompted to the screen (VASP.4.5 and newer versions):
 VASP.4.4.4 24.Feb 2000
 POSCAR found :  1 types and    8 ions
 WARNING: mass on POTCAR and INCAR are incompatible
  typ           1  Mass   63.5500000000000        63.5460000000000     

|                                                                             |
|           W    W    AA    RRRRR   N    N  II  N    N   GGGG   !!!           |
|           W    W   A  A   R    R  NN   N  II  NN   N  G    G  !!!           |
|           W    W  A    A  R    R  N N  N  II  N N  N  G       !!!           |
|           W WW W  AAAAAA  RRRRR   N  N N  II  N  N N  G  GGG   !            |
|           WW  WW  A    A  R   R   N   NN  II  N   NN  G    G                |
|           W    W  A    A  R    R  N    N  II  N    N   GGGG   !!!           |
|                                                                             |
|      VASP found     21 degrees of freedom                                   |
|      the temperature will equal 2*E(kin)/ (degrees of freedom)              |
|      this differs from previous releases, where T was 2*E(kin)/(3 NIONS).   |
|      The new definition is more consistent                                  |
|                                                                             |

 file io ok, starting setup
 WARNING: wrap around errors must be expected
 prediction of wavefunctions initialized
 entering main loop
       N       E               dE            d eps      ncg    rms        rms(c)
CG :  1  -0.88871893E+04 -0.88872E+04  -0.15902E+04   96  0.914E+02
CG :  2  -0.90140943E+04 -0.12691E+03  -0.93377E+02  126  0.142E+02
CG :  3  -0.90288324E+04 -0.14738E+02  -0.49449E+01  112  0.293E+01  0.175E+01
CG :  4  -0.90228639E+04  0.59686E+01  -0.28031E+01  100  0.264E+01  0.373E+00
CG :  5  -0.90228253E+04  0.38602E-01  -0.64323E-01  100  0.337E+00  0.141E+00
CG :  6  -0.90227973E+04  0.28000E-01  -0.90047E-02   99  0.131E+00  0.643E-01
CG :  7  -0.90227865E+04  0.10730E-01  -0.31225E-02   98  0.677E-01  0.180E-01
CG :  8  -0.90227861E+04  0.43257E-03  -0.13932E-03   98  0.169E-01  0.800E-02
CG :  9  -0.90227859E+04  0.23479E-03  -0.47878E-04   62  0.814E-02  0.362E-02
CG : 10  -0.90227858E+04  0.41776E-04  -0.10154E-04   51  0.514E-02
   1 T=  2080. E= -.90209042E+04 F= -.90227859E+04 E0= -.90220337E+04  
               EK= 0.18817E+01 SP= 0.00E+00 SK= 0.57E-05
 bond charge predicted                                                
       N       E               dE            d eps      ncg    rms        rms(c)
CG :  1  -0.90226970E+04 -0.90227E+04  -0.32511E+00   96  0.935E+00
CG :  2  -0.90226997E+04 -0.27335E-02  -0.26667E-02  109  0.957E-01
CG :  3  -0.90226998E+04 -0.23857E-04  -0.23704E-04   57  0.741E-02  0.455E-01
CG :  4  -0.90226994E+04  0.34907E-03  -0.15696E-03   97  0.150E-01  0.121E-01
CG :  5  -0.90226992E+04  0.22898E-03  -0.54745E-04   75  0.915E-02  0.327E-02
CG :  6  -0.90226992E+04  0.13733E-04  -0.50646E-05   49  0.395E-02
   2 T=  1984. E= -.90209039E+04 F= -.90226992E+04 E0= -.90219455E+04  
               EK= 0.17948E+01 SP= 0.42E-03 SK= 0.37E-04
The full output can be found in the file OSZICAR.ref_4.4.3.

If the output is correct, you might move to bench.Hg.tar (this is a small benchmark indicating the performance of the machine).

 gunzip <bench.Hg.tar.gz | tar -xvf -
 directory_where_VASP_resides/vasp # this command will take 4-60 minutes
The benchmark requires 50 MBytes, and takes between 4-60 minutes. It is best if the machine is idle, but generally results are also useful if this is not the case. Mind that the last Typical values for LOOP+ are shown indicated in Section 3.8. The output produced by this run can be found in the OSZICAR.ref file (version VASP.4.4.3) in the tar file.

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