All requests for technical support from the VASP group must be addressed to: vasp.materialphysik@univie.ac.at

# NBANDSO

**NBANDSO** = [integer]

Description: **NBANDSO** determines how many occupied orbitals are included in the
Casida/BSE calculations or timepropagation

For the timepropagation algorithm increasing **NBANDSO** only modestly increases the compute time.
For BSE and Casida type calculations, the compute time grows with the third power of the number of included occupied and unoccupied bands

and the memory requirements increase quadratically

Please be aware that symmetry is not exploited in the BSE code, hence memory requirements can be excessive. To allow for calculations on large systems, the BSE code distributes the BSE matrix among all available cores, and uses scaLAPACK for the diagonalization.

VASP always uses the orbitals closest to the Fermi-level, and **NBANDSO** () and
NBANDSV () determines how many occupied and unoccupied orbitals are included. The defaults are fairly "conservative" and equal the total number of electrons/2 (this usually implies that all occupied state are included). For highly accurate results,
NBANDSV often needs to be increased, whereas for large systems one is often forced to reduce both values to much smaller numbers. Sometimes qualitative results for band like Wannier-Mott excitons can be obtained even with a single conduction and valence band.

## Related Tags and Sections

NBANDSV, BSE calculations, Timepropagation