All requests for technical support from the VASP group must be addressed to: vasp.materialphysik@univie.ac.at

Difference between revisions of "Calculate U for LSDA+U"

From Vaspwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(The DFT groudstate)
 
Line 101: Line 101:
  
 
Instrumental here is that we correctly specify the initial magnetic moments (by means of {{TAG|MAGMOM}}-tag).
 
Instrumental here is that we correctly specify the initial magnetic moments (by means of {{TAG|MAGMOM}}-tag).
The setting above is consistent with the AFM-II magnetic structure (alternating ferromagnetic Ni (111)-layers).
+
The setting above is consistent with the AFM-II magnetic structure: alternating ferromagnetic Ni (111)-layers.
  
 
Secondly we set {{TAG|LORBIT}}<tt>=11</tt>: at the end of the {{FILE|OUTCAR}} file VASP will write the number of (''d''-) electrons per site. This information we will need to compute the ''U''-parameter.
 
Secondly we set {{TAG|LORBIT}}<tt>=11</tt>: at the end of the {{FILE|OUTCAR}} file VASP will write the number of (''d''-) electrons per site. This information we will need to compute the ''U''-parameter.

Latest revision as of 11:14, 12 August 2019

Task

In this exercise you will calculate the U parameter for the LSDA+U treatment of Ni d-electrons in NiO using the linear response ansatz of Cococcioni et al..[1]

POSCAR

For this calculation we will use a 2×2×2 supercell of AFM-II NiO:

AFM  NiO
   4.03500000 
 2.0000000000   1.0000000000   1.0000000000 
 1.0000000000   2.0000000000   1.0000000000 
 1.0000000000   1.0000000000   2.0000000000 
  1 15   16 
Direct
 0.0000000000   0.0000000000   0.0000000000 
 0.2500000000   0.2500000000   0.2500000000 
 0.0000000000   0.0000000000   0.5000000000 
 0.2500000000   0.2500000000   0.7500000000 
 0.0000000000   0.5000000000   0.0000000000 
 0.2500000000   0.7500000000   0.2500000000 
 0.0000000000   0.5000000000   0.5000000000 
 0.2500000000   0.7500000000   0.7500000000 
 0.5000000000   0.0000000000   0.0000000000 
 0.7500000000   0.2500000000   0.2500000000 
 0.5000000000   0.0000000000   0.5000000000 
 0.7500000000   0.2500000000   0.7500000000 
 0.5000000000   0.5000000000   0.0000000000 
 0.7500000000   0.7500000000   0.2500000000 
 0.5000000000   0.5000000000   0.5000000000 
 0.7500000000   0.7500000000   0.7500000000 
 0.1250000000   0.1250000000   0.1250000000 
 0.3750000000   0.3750000000   0.3750000000 
 0.1250000000   0.1250000000   0.6250000000 
 0.3750000000   0.3750000000   0.8750000000 
 0.1250000000   0.6250000000   0.1250000000 
 0.3750000000   0.8750000000   0.3750000000 
 0.1250000000   0.6250000000   0.6250000000 
 0.3750000000   0.8750000000   0.8750000000 
 0.6250000000   0.1250000000   0.1250000000 
 0.8750000000   0.3750000000   0.3750000000 
 0.6250000000   0.1250000000   0.6250000000 
 0.8750000000   0.3750000000   0.8750000000 
 0.6250000000   0.6250000000   0.1250000000 
 0.8750000000   0.8750000000   0.3750000000 
 0.6250000000   0.6250000000   0.6250000000 
 0.8750000000   0.8750000000   0.8750000000

Atoms 1-16 are Ni and atoms 17-32 are O.

Note that the Ni atoms are split into two groups: atom 1, and atom 2-15. This trick breaks the symmetry of the Ni sub-lattice and allows us to treat atom 1 differently from atom 2-15. Our POTCAR file has to reflect the fact that we now formally have 3 "species" (2 ×Ni + 1×O), i.e., we concatenate two Ni POTCAR files and one O POTCAR file:

cat Ni/POTCAR Ni/POTCAR O/POTCAR > POTCAR

To check whether you have a suitable POTCAR type:

grep TITEL POTCAR

This should yield something like:

   TITEL  = PAW Ni 02Aug2007
   TITEL  = PAW Ni 02Aug2007
   TITEL  = PAW O 22Mar2012

i.e., two Ni entries followed by one O entry.

KPOINTS

Gamma only
 0
Monkhorst
 1 1 1 
 0 0 0

The DFT groudstate

We will calculate the DFT groundstate of our NiO system with the following INCAR:

SYSTEM       = NiO AFM 

PREC         = A

EDIFF        = 1E-6

ISMEAR       = 0
SIGMA        = 0.2

ISPIN        = 2
MAGMOM       = 1.0 -1.0  1.0 -1.0  1.0 \
              -1.0  1.0 -1.0  1.0 -1.0 \
               1.0 -1.0  1.0 -1.0  1.0 \
              -1.0  1.0 -1.0  1.0 -1.0 \
            16*0.0

LORBIT       = 11

LMAXMIX      = 4 

Instrumental here is that we correctly specify the initial magnetic moments (by means of MAGMOM-tag). The setting above is consistent with the AFM-II magnetic structure: alternating ferromagnetic Ni (111)-layers.

Secondly we set LORBIT=11: at the end of the OUTCAR file VASP will write the number of (d-) electrons per site. This information we will need to compute the U-parameter.

Last but not least, we set LMAXMIX=4: this is needed to be able to perform non-selfconsistent (ICHARG=11) LSDA+U calculations (LDAUTYPE=3) in the following. For this reason we will keep a copy of the CHGCAR file (and the WAVECAR file as well):

cp CHGCAR  CHGCAR.0
cp WAVECAR WAVECAR.0


The information most relevant to the task at hand you will find near the end of the OUTCAR file:

 total charge

# of ion       s       p       d       tot
------------------------------------------
    1        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    2        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    3        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.270
    4        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    5        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    6        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    7        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    8        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    9        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   10        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   11        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   12        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   13        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   14        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.270
   15        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   16        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   17        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   18        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   19        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   20        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   21        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   22        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   23        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   24        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   25        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   26        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   27        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   28        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   29        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   30        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   31        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   32        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
--------------------------------------------------
tot         30.489  63.111 135.011 228.611

This shows that in the DFT grounstate 8.438 d-electrons are attributed to atomic site 1.

Non-selfconsistent response

The next step is to calculate the following response function:

This is the change in the number of d-electrons on site I due to an additional spherical potential acting on the d-manifold on site J. In the following we will assume this response to be zero unless I=J.

To add an additional spherical potential on the site of atom 1 that acts on the d-manifold we specify the following:

LDAU         = .TRUE.
LDAUTYPE     =  3
LDAUL        =  2 -1 -1
LDAUU        =  0.10 0.00 0.00
LDAUJ        =  0.10 0.00 0.00

Note that for LDAUTYPE=3 the LDAUU and LDAUJ tags specify the strength (in eV) of the spherical potential acting on the spin-up and spin-down d-manifolds, respectively.

In the present step we want to calculate the non-selfconsistent response to this additional potential. This is done by reading in the charge density from the previous DFT groundstate calculations and by keeping it fixed during the electronic minimization procedure:

ICHARG       = 11

N.B.: be sure to use the charge density of the DFT groundstate calculation:

cp CHGCAR.0  CHGCAR
cp WAVECAR.0 WAVECAR


After running this calculation you will notice that due to the additional potential the number of d-electrons on atom 1 has changed w.r.t. the DFT groundstate (check the OUTCAR file again):

 total charge

# of ion       s       p       d       tot
------------------------------------------
    1        0.342   0.490   8.488   9.319
    2        0.342   0.489   8.432   9.263
    3        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    4        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    5        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    6        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    7        0.342   0.490   8.435   9.266
    8        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    9        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   10        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   11        0.342   0.490   8.435   9.266
   12        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   13        0.342   0.490   8.435   9.266
   14        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   15        0.342   0.490   8.430   9.261
   16        0.342   0.489   8.432   9.263
   17        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   18        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.018
   19        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   20        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   21        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   22        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   23        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   24        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   25        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   26        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   27        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   28        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   29        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   30        1.564   3.454   0.000   5.018
   31        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.018
   32        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
--------------------------------------------------
tot         30.488  63.101 135.027 228.617

The change in the number of d-electrons on atomic site 1 is found to be:

and hence

Selfconsistent response

The selfconsistent reponse function:

is computed in a similar manner:

LDAU         = .TRUE.
LDAUTYPE     =  3
LDAUL        =  2 -1 -1
LDAUU        =  0.10 0.00 0.00
LDAUJ        =  0.10 0.00 0.00

N.B.I: The only difference between this calculation and the previous calculation of the non-selfconsistent response is that now we do not set ICHARG=11, i.e, now the charge density may change.

N.B.II: To speed things up it is a good idea to restart this calculation from the WAVECAR file of the previous non-selfconsistent response calculation.

After this calculation has finished you should again inspect the number of d-electrons on atomic site 1:

 total charge

# of ion       s       p       d       tot
------------------------------------------
    1        0.341   0.488   8.452   9.281
    2        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    3        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    4        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    5        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    6        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    7        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    8        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
    9        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   10        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   11        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   12        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   13        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   14        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   15        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   16        0.342   0.490   8.438   9.269
   17        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   18        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   19        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.018
   20        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   21        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.018
   22        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   23        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   24        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.018
   25        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.018
   26        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   27        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   28        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.018
   29        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   30        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.018
   31        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
   32        1.564   3.455   0.000   5.019
--------------------------------------------------
tot         30.488  63.107 135.022 228.617

The change in the number of d-electrons on atomic site 1 is found to be:

and hence

The final result

After we have computed both the non-selfconsistent as well as the selfconsistent response functions, the U parameter for the LSDA+U treatment of Ni d-electrons in NiO is found from:


To get a more accurate result one should repeat the previous calculations for a series of different additional potentials (for instance LDAUU = LDAUJ = -0.2, -0.15, -0.10, -0.05, 0.05, 0.10 ,0.15, and 0.20 eV). All necessary steps are scripted in doall.sh in the tgz-file below.

The relevant response functions are then easily found from a linear fit of the number of d-electrons on atomic site 1 as a function of the additional potential V:

NiOLDAU3.png

From the above we then have:

Download

NiO_calcU.tgz

References

  1. M. Cococcioni and S. de Gironcoli, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035105 (2005).

Back to the main page.